Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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(1,353 words)

The term ʾidġām (or iddiġām) lit. ‘insertion’ denotes in Arabic phonetics different types of assimilatory processes (assimilation), which lead either to gemination (prolongation) of consonants or their change. The term ʾidġām was used by the Kufan school of grammar, whereas iddiġām is said to have been used by Sībawayhi and the Basrans (Suyūṭī, Hamʿ II, 225 quoting Ibn Ḥayyān). In fact, Troupeau (1976) has a total of 217 occurrences for the verb ʾadġama in the Kitāb and 141 for the masdar ʾidġām; iddaġama occurs once, in the passive (Sībawayhi, Kitāb I, 386.12 ʾanna n-nūn qad tuddaġamu…

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Janusz Danecki, “ʾIdġām”, in: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong. Consulted online on 11 August 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1570-6699_eall_EALL_SIM_vol2_0017>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831

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