Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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ʿIlla
(1,754 words)

The term ʿilla lit. ‘cause; illness’ is used for two central notions in technical linguistic terminology. On the one hand, it means ‘(linguistic) cause’, and in this sense it is connected with such terms as iʿtilāl ‘argumentation’, maʿlūl ‘caused’. On the other hand, it is used to indicate the effect of the ‘weak consonants’; in this sense it is connected with such terms as muʿtall ‘weak’, iʿtilāl ‘weakness’.

The connection between the two central senses in which ʿilla is used is not immediately clear. According to Lane (1863–1893:V, 2124), ʿilla is “an accident that befalls an object and ca…

Cite this page
Kees Versteegh, “ʿIlla”, in: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong. Consulted online on 21 November 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1570-6699_eall_EALL_SIM_vol2_0021>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831



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