Inflection is one of the two major processes of word formation, the other being derivation. It is generally assumed that inflection serves to signal grammatical functions (such as case marking, plural formation, and verb conjugation), while derivation is used to generate new word classes (verbs from nouns, adverbs from adjectives, etc.). This is not the case in Arabic, where inflection plays a considerable part in the formation of the lexicon.
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Djamel Eddine Kouloughli,
Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong.
Consulted online on 14 November 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1570-6699_eall_EALL_COM_vol2_0049>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831