Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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ʾInna wa-ʾaxawātuhā
(2,809 words)

Among the particles in Arabic grammar there is one group that has a special status because of the way it affects syntactic relations in the sentence. This group includes the particles ʾinna, ka-ʾanna, lākinna, layta, and laʿalla, collectively called ʾinna wa-axawātuhāʾinna and its sisters’. Most later grammarians count ʾanna and its derivatives, such as li-ʾanna, among the ʾaxawāt ʾinna, but according to ʾAbū Ḥayyān (Manhaj 72.1), these were excluded by Sībawayhi because ʾanna is an accidental form (ʿaraḍ) of ʾinna (for a detailed analysis of the difference between ʾinna and ʾanna, …

Cite this page
Kees Versteegh, “ʾInna wa-ʾaxawātuhā”, in: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong. Consulted online on 14 August 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1570-6699_eall_EALL_SIM_vol2_0024>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831

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