Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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(5,778 words)

1. General

Arabic is the majority language of Iraq, the most important minority language being Kurdish; lesser minority languages are Neo-Aramaic (in its two main varieties, Chaldean and Ashuri) and Turkoman. Geographically, Arabic is mostly found in the lower-lying regions of Iraq, while the minority languages are predominantly found in the mountainous regions of the north and northeast (i.e. Iraqi Kurdistan). As in all Arab states, a situation of diglossia obtains. Modern Standard Arabic is the…

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Otto O. Jastrow, “Iraq”, in: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong. Consulted online on 26 May 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1570-6699_eall_EALL_COM_vol2_0056>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831

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