Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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Ism al-fiʿl
(1,449 words)

The term ism al-fiʿl (pl. ʾasmāʾ al-fiʿl) is used for interjections conveying the sense of a verb. Most of them denote an imperative, e.g. nazāli ‘go down!’, ʾilayka ‘go away!’, hālumma ‘come here!’. However, some ʾasmāʾ al-fiʿl have the sense of a declarative sentence (xabar), e.g. hayhātu ‘far from it!’. The plural form is mentioned for the first time in the 8th century, by Sībawayhi (Kitāb I, 102.8). The singular ism al-fiʿl or ism fiʿl occurs only in later sources. Interjections known by this term are also called ʾasmāʾ li-l-fiʿl (sg. ism li-l-fiʿl) and ʾasmāʾ al-ʾafʿāl (Levin 1991:24…

Cite this page
Aryeh Levin, “Ism al-fiʿl”, in: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong. Consulted online on 02 December 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1570-6699_eall_EALL_SIM_vol2_0032>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831

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