Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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(1,903 words)

Istiṯnāʾ, a verbal noun of Form X from the radicals ṯ-n-y, literally means ‘setting aside as excluded; exclusion, exception’ (Lane 1863–1893:I, 357; Wehr 130). The term is used in Arabic grammar to denote an exception or an exceptive sentence (jumlat al-istiṯnāʾ), which basically consists of two parts: the general term from which the exception is made (al-mustaṯnā minhu) and the exception itself (al-mustaṯnā). The relationship between these two parts of the sentence is made through the use of an exceptive particle (ḥarf al-istiṯnāʾ), mostly ʾillā (a compound of ʾin and and traditi…

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Monique Bernards, “Istiṯnāʾ”, in: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong. Consulted online on 28 February 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1570-6699_eall_EALL_SIM_vol2_0035>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831

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