Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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(1,176 words)

The term ʾiṭbāq, derived from the Arabic root ṭ-b-q, generally means ‘covering, e.g. a lid covering a pot’. As a phonetic term, it is defined by Sībawayhi as “the raising of the (back of) the tongue toward the velum” (Kitāb IV, 436). While some modern phoneticians call ʾiṭbāq ‘emphasis’ (Vollers 1893:147), others speak of ‘velarization’ (Gairdner 1925:20). Gairdner defines velarization as an articulation in which “the back of the tongue is raised towards the back of the velum, i.e. the extreme back of the palate. The tongue feels as if it ‘f…

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Muhammad Hasan Bakalla, “ʾIṭbāq”, in: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong. Consulted online on 25 February 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1570-6699_eall_EALL_SIM_vol2_0038>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831

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