Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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(3,193 words)

The lexical meaning of the word jumla (pl. jumal) is ‘sum, total’; in the Western linguistic tradition it is usually translated with ‘clause, proposition’ or even ‘sentence’; in modern Arabic linguistics it is used for ‘sentence’. Originally, jumla was the opposite of mufrad lit. ‘single, individual’ which in linguistics meant ‘simple, consisting of one word or element’. Thus, jumla means approximately ‘consisting of more than one word or element’. In the medieval Arabic dictionaries, jumla is explained by jamāʿa ‘group, sum’, and as such, it contrasts with ‘individuals’ (ʾafrād) a…

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Tamás Iványi, “Jumla”, in: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong. Consulted online on 28 February 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1570-6699_eall_EALL_SIM_vol2_0042>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831

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