Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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Majhūra/Mahmūsa
(1,417 words)

The terms majhūra/mahmūsa denote a phonological correlation, generally held to correspond to the opposition between voiced/voiceless (e.g. Schaade 1911:13), or to that between lenis/fortis phonemes (for a discussion of the difference between these two oppositions, see Ladefoged and Maddieson 1996:95–99). Both terms were first used by Sībawayhi (d. 175/791) in his Kitāb (II, 405). He probably based his observations on earlier research by his predecessors. However, his teacher al-Xalīl ibn ʾAḥmad (d. 175/791) does not mention this classification in the Kitab al-ʿayn, although …

Cite this page
Janusz Danecki, “Majhūra/Mahmūsa”, in: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong. Consulted online on 23 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1570-6699_eall_EALL_SIM_vol3_0083>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831



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