Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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(3,591 words)

Numerals represent a very particular semantic field of the lexicon. They concern a very small number of roots because, at least originally, all numbers, apart from zero (named ṣifr in Classical Arabic), are formed by a combination of a limited series of twelve numbers (1–10, 100, and 1,000). These roots mainly belong to a common semantic background. In addition to the cardinals, the ordinals, and the fractions, they have produced a certain number of verbal and nominal lexemes in ancient Arabic.

1. Cardinals

Cardinals h…

Cite this page
Catherine Taine-Cheikh, “Numerals”, in: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong. Consulted online on 13 August 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1570-6699_eall_EALL_COM_vol3_0238>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831

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