Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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In Classical Arabic, the grammatical term ‘nunation’ (from Arabic tanwīn ) is defined as the usually unvocalized suffix -n, which is pronounced but not written at the end of nouns. At first, nunation was graphically represented by double-colored dots (Endress 1982:179; Lipiński 1997:163), and later by doubling the appropriate vowel signs. The masculine accusative ending -an, which sounded in pause -ā was written with an ʾalif as lengthening marker in combination with the double vowel marker. As a marker of indefiniteness (tankīr), nunation is applied to triptotic nouns witho…

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Franz-Christoph Muth, “Nunation”, in: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong. Consulted online on 21 February 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1570-6699_eall_EALL_SIM_vol3_0098>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831

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