Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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(3,929 words)

Politeness is a norm of social behavior that is expressed directly or indirectly by gestures or usage of common or personal expressions, either orally or in writing, showing endearment, respect, veneration; appreciation, esteem; awe; flattery; sycophancy or affection. Politeness may also indicate reservation or dissatisfaction in a way which does not bluntly offend or irritate another person (Brown and Levinson 1987). Thus, direct expression of politeness is the use of the words ‘thank you’ to i…

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Avihai Shivtiel, “Politeness”, in: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong. Consulted online on 04 June 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1570-6699_eall_EALL_SIM_vol3_0107>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831

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