Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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(3,696 words)

1. The notion of root

Root as an abstract linguistic unit (morpheme) may be seen as a common element in the nominal, verbal, adjectival, adverbial, and, to a certain degree, prepositional systems of Arabic. It is defined as an ordered set of consonants; vowels play a different role in the word derivation. Another role is played by the pattern, which represents the structure of the word itself (this structure is then filled …

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Petr Zemánek, “Root”, in: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong. Consulted online on 11 August 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1570-6699_eall_EALL_COM_0291>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831

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