(2,629 words)

1. Land and people

On February 14, 1974, Somalia joined the League of Arab States and made Arabic an official language of the country. In doing so, Somalia became the first Arab League country to use a second official language along with Arabic. Somali, which had become the official language in 1973, was based on the spoken form, Af-Mahaa, of the northern and central regions of th…

Cite this page
Mohamed Haji Mukhtar, “Somalia”, in: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong. Consulted online on 18 October 2018 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831

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