Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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Syncope involves the loss of a vowel. In Arabic dialects, syncope is typically driven by metrical constraints. The most common targets of syncope are high vowels and central vowels, which are relatively low in sonority, but there are dialects in which even the highly sonorous [a] syncopates. Two fairly representative dialects are Bedouin Ḥijāzī Arabic and Cairene Arabic.

1. Bedouin Ḥijāzī Arabic

Bedouin Ḥijāzī Arabic is remarkable among Arabic dialects in that the most sonorous vowel, [a…

Cite this page
David Teeple, “Syncope”, in: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong. Consulted online on 19 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1570-6699_eall_EALL_COM_0328>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831

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