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Languages: Mainland Southeast Asia (Mon, Khmer, and Thai)
(3,837 words)

Several major vernacular languages in which Buddhist texts were transmitted in continental Southeast Asia are, in chronological order, Mon, Khmer, Burmese, and Thai; peripheral literary traditions confined to the northwest include Shan, Tai Khün, and Pwo Karen.

Affiliations and Structural Characteristics of the Languages

Mon and Khmer belong to two distinct and independent branches of the Austroasiatic language famil…

Cite this page
Christian Bauer, “Languages: Mainland Southeast Asia (Mon, Khmer, and Thai)”, in: Encyclopedia of Buddhism Online, Editor-in-Chief: Consulting Editors: Jonathan A. Silk, Oskar von Hinüber, Vincent Eltschinger. Consulted online on 25 June 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2467-9666_enbo_COM_0085>
First published online: 2020
First print edition: 20151231

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