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The Laṅkāvatārasūtra is one of the most important scriptural sources for later Mahāyāna doctrine, presenting a combination of śūnyatā (emptiness), tathāgatagarbha (buddha embryo), and ālayavijñāna (storehouse consciousness) theories. It is generally considered to have been composed in a comparatively late phase of the compilation of the Mahāyāna sūtras, not earlier than the 3rd century ce, and in any event after the formation of the…

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Shanshan Jia, “Laṅkāvatārasūtra”, in: Encyclopedia of Buddhism Online, Editor-in-Chief: Consulting Editors: Jonathan A. Silk, Oskar von Hinüber, Vincent Eltschinger. Consulted online on 28 June 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2467-9666_enbo_COM_0014>
First published online: 2020
First print edition: 20151231

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