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Ritual Texts: Tibet: New Tantras (Gsar ma)
(8,817 words)

The “new” (gsar ma) tantric ritual literature was the product of the translation activity of the “latter transmission” (phyi dar) of Buddhist teachings to Tibet, which began in the late 10th century and concluded circa the 14th century, when the flow of texts and practices between Tibet and India was reduced to a trickle. It includes translations of Indian Buddhist works as well as Tibetan ritual literature composed…

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David B. Gray, “Ritual Texts: Tibet: New Tantras (Gsar ma)”, in: Encyclopedia of Buddhism Online, Editor-in-Chief: Consulting Editors: Jonathan A. Silk, Oskar von Hinüber, Vincent Eltschinger. Consulted online on 06 July 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2467-9666_enbo_COM_0060>
First published online: 2020
First print edition: 20151231

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