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Tantric Ritual Manuals in East Asia
(5,375 words)

Ritual in the form of simple acts of ritualized behavior – for example circumambulation of a stūpa or offerings of flowers – has a long history in Buddhism. While this form of ritualized behavior was also performed by practitioners of esoteric or Tantric Buddhism, ritual as one of the hallmarks of esoteric Buddhism refers not so much to s…

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Rolf Giebel, “Tantric Ritual Manuals in East Asia”, in: Encyclopedia of Buddhism Online, Editor-in-Chief: Consulting Editors: Jonathan A. Silk, Oskar von Hinüber, Vincent Eltschinger. Consulted online on 03 June 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2467-9666_enbo_COM_0062>
First published online: 2020
First print edition: 20151231



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