Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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Agricultural Policy
(2,646 words)

During the 20th century, China's agricultural policy faced one basic constant: peasant poverty. During the first half of the 20th century, different reasons were made responsible for this poverty: overpopulation, outdated agricultural techniques, a deficient commercial infrastructure, and the landownership conditions. If disasters struck, such as floods, droughts, or civil war, the heavily indebted peasants, who only produced what they required for their survival, would became beggars.

Whereas Sun Yatsen had demanded the distribution of "land to the tiller", th…

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Aubert, Claude, “Agricultural Policy”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 01 February 2023 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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