Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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According to both the Western and Chinese understanding, the term agriculture embraces in the broader sense: crop growing, forestry, animal husbandry, and fishing. Since 1992, "sidelines" which were formerly included as separate agricultural activities (such as some handicrafts, animal hunting, plant gathering, etc.), have disappeared from official statistics. In terms of its contrib…

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Ash, Robert, “Agriculture”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 23 September 2023 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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