Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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(1,341 words)

Chinese interest in anarchism originated in the decade leading up to the Revolution of 1911 and peaked during the early Republic. Following the rise of Marxism-Leninism, most radicals turned away from anarchism by the 1930s, but the historical effects of the doctrine are profound. Notions such as mutual aid, work-study, and "laborism" (laodong zhuyi) spread beyond self-avowed anarchists to influence thousands of students, intellectuals, and political activists. Anarchism was the dominant form of radicalism and socialism into the 1920s, and many of the early Communists …

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Zarrow, Peter, “Anarchism”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 29 November 2023 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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