Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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(4,244 words)

1. Classical Architecture

Traditional organization of space: Organizing space in classical China was based on a geometric vision of the world developed from Chinese cosmology which perceived the sky as round, and the earth as square. The latter was composed of square areas grouped hierarchically around a center. Accordingly, the earth formed a network of spatial correspondences to the "whole", which characterized the human living space. The macrocosm…

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Warner, Torsten, “Architecture”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 03 March 2024 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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