Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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Associations and Federations
(4,259 words)

Social organizations are affiliations of persons for a certain purpose or for the pursuit of mutual interests. In the PRC, four groups of social organizations can be distinguished: state-run (such as the mass organizations), state-controlled (such a…

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Heberer, Thomas, “Associations and Federations”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 03 March 2024 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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