Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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Autonomous Regions
(916 words)

The concept of autonomy applies to places in the PRC where members of a minority nationality (national minorities) live in a compact community. There are three levels: regions (zizhi qu), prefectures (zizhi zhou), and counties (zizhi xian), regions being province-level. There are five autonomous regions (AR): the Inner Mongolian AR (established May 1, 1947); Xinjiang Uyghur AR (October 1, 1955); Guangxi Zhuang AR (March 15, 1958); Ningxia Hui AR (October 25, 1958); and Tibet AR (September 9, 1965). Including those within these fiv…

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Mackerras, Colin, “Autonomous Regions”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 30 November 2022 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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