Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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"Censorship" as a term with a negative connotation is roughly equivalent to the Chinese word xinwen jiancha, which is normally avoided in the legal language of the PRC and only used when criticizing enemy regimes. Neutral words used with reference to the PRC include shenhe,shenpi,shending, and shendu. Freedom of expression was not explicitly advocated by any of the relevant schools of ancient China. Confucianism, Mohism, and Legalism in one way or another all supported a unification of the different opinions on right and wrong. General laissez-faire tendencies with regard to exp…

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von Senger, Harro, “Censorship”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 06 December 2023 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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