Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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Civil War of 1945-49
(887 words)

After the Sino-Japanese War of 1937-45, the Guomindang (GMD) and the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) faced each other again directly as unappeasable enemies in the struggle for power. At the end of the war and during the following Soviet occupation of many regions in Manchuria , which caught the GMD by far greater surprise than its domestic enemies, the CCP leadership relied on the far-reaching sphere of influence that it had already established behind the front lines in many areas by the time of the Japanese capitulation. Owing to its inter…

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Merker, Peter, “Civil War of 1945-49”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 30 November 2022 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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