Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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The term "clergy" is not as self-evident in the Chinese context as it may seem. First of all, there are formally initiated (ordained) monks and (very few) nuns of the Buddhist and Daoist monastic traditions, monks of the Tibetan tradition, and ritual specialists with Christian or Islamic backgrounds. In addition, there are also initiated ritual specialists of the Buddhist and Daoist traditions who, however, are not committed to celibacy. To the general population, ordination of the ritual specia…

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ter Haar, Barend J., “Clergy”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 02 March 2024 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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