Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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Concessions and Settlements
(2,212 words)

1. Overview

Territory controlled by foreign powers in China took various forms. A Treaty Port was not considered an urban colony until it possessed closed foreign residential areas in which the local population came into contact with foreign rulers. In contrast to the leased territories, they were small inner-city districts. In 1935, the International Settlement in Shanghai reached its largest expanse of …

Cite this page
Osterhammel, Jürgen, “Concessions and Settlements”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 05 March 2024 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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