Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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Defense Industry
(1,740 words)

The military-industrial complex (MIC) is a microcosm within the Chinese industry: an amalgamation of the modern and the outdated. The Chinese leadership has been attempting to reform this complex since the 1980s. The MIC has had substantial industrial success. China is capable of producing a full range of modern weapons systems, from small arms to intercontinental missiles carrying hydrogen bombs. Nonetheless, the MIC suffers from the usual problems caused by China's degenerating command economy…

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Frankenstein, John, “Defense Industry”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 28 November 2023 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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