Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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Environmental Protection
(1,830 words)

1. Origins within the International Context

Environmental protection as a political area of its own began in China in the early 1970s. The trigger was not the actual presence of ecological pressures (environmental damage) but the 1972 UN Conference on the Human Environment in Stockholm, which simultaneously marked China's return to the international stage. A…

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Betke, Dirk, “Environmental Protection”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 05 December 2023 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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