Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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Exile Literature
(1,488 words)

In the late 1970s, unofficial literature journals began to circulate in China in great numbers. The most famous and most widely read literature journal was the Beijing magazine Today ( Jintian ), which was established by Meng Ke (born 1950) and Bei Dao (born 1949). Indeed, the work of the Jintian poets clearly departed from the unambiguous hymns in praise of the Great Helmsman and proletarian heroes published in the official literary magazines. Other Jintian poets are Gu Cheng (1956-1993), Shu Ting (born 1952), Jiang He (born 1949), Duo Duo (born 1951), Yang Lian (bor…

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Lee, Mabel, “Exile Literature”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 02 December 2023 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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