Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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External Security Policy
(1,731 words)

1. General Conditions

The geographical expanse of Chinese space is interpreted differently, depending on the relative viewpoint, and the perspective determines military doctrine. Military security for an agricultural continental power meant Maoist "people's war" between the 1930s and 1970s, security for an urbanized trade power meant forward defense and naval warfare after 1979. Culturally and polit…

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Möller, Kay, “External Security Policy”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 09 December 2022 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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