Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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Food Production
(1,799 words)

Until well after 1949, China remained a poor, low-income country. The economy was driven by agriculture, in which grain farming predominated, while household budgets were dominated by expenditure on food. Until well into the 1970s, rapid population growth was the principal source of increased demand for food, although modest rises in per capita income were also reflected in rising demand for grain (above all, "fine" grains: rice, wheat, and soybeans) for direct consumption. Only after 1978, under the impact of much faster income growth (especially in cities and coastal provin…

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Ash, Robert F., “Food Production”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 29 February 2024 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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