Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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Foreign Economic Policy
(1,859 words)

China was probably only capable of developing its own foreign economic policy after the foundation of the People's Republic. Before that, i.e. since the beginning of the 19th century, China's foreign economic relations had been determined primarily by foreign merchants and governments (Opium Wars). If one accepts the conventional definition of foreign economic policy common in market economies - which is generally understood to signify purposeful measures that influe…

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Klenner, Wolfgang, “Foreign Economic Policy”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 29 November 2023 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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