Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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(2,267 words)

While political relations between China and France have often been complicated or loaded with conflicts, the economic and cultural exchange between these two countries has been constant and fruitful, although not always intensive and balanced. The episodic contacts that China and France were able to establish during the reign of Louis XIV and after China's opening-up in the 19th…

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Cabestan, Jean-Pierre, “France”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 05 December 2022 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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