Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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(1,023 words)

Gan, Long


86 counties, 16 cities

26.06 million inhabitants

454,300 km²

57 inhabitants per km2

The province of Gansu in northwestern China borders on the autonomous regions of Xinjiang, Ningxia, and Inner Mongolia, as well as on the provinces of Shaanxi, Sichuan, and Qinghai. Since 1949, the capital is Lanzhou (3.2 million inhabitants). In the west, the Qilian Mountains, covered with woods and snow, reach an altitude of 5500 m. The Gobi and Alashan deserts are located in the east and the north. South of the Huang H…

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Ståhlberg, Sabira, “Gansu”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 08 February 2023 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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