Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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Germany
(4,881 words)

1. 1860-1918

During the "long" 19th century until World War I, the structures and changes in international politics largely shaped the German-Chinese relations. The rivalry between the European colonial powers and China's increasing loss of territorial and economic self-determination were the dominant factors.

Although German missionaries and merchants occasionally came in contact with China since the 17th century (Christianity), German countries established formal relations with China only at…

Cite this page
Mühlhahn, Klaus, Leutner, Mechthild and Trampedach, Tim, “Germany”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 23 October 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1877-0339_bec_COM_00033>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018



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