Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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(3,465 words)

The Zhongguo Guomindang (GMD; often translated as Kuomintang/KMT), or National People's Party, was founded in August 1912 and was reorganized successively in 1914, 1919, and 1924. The GMD formed the government of the Republic since 1928, and even after its escape to Taiwan in 1949 and the democratic reforms since 1986, it was able to kee…

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Schneider, Axel, “Guomindang”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 11 December 2023 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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