Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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(825 words)



20 counties, 8 cities

8.36 million inhabitants

33,900 km²

247 inhabitants per km2

The province of Hainan consists of the island of Hainan and of two million km² in the South China Sea, an area which encompasses 200 islands, among them the Spratly Archipelago (Nansha Qundao). Hainan is situated in the far south of China, opposite the Leizhou peninsula (Guangdong) and beyond the Qiongzhou Strait. Across the Beibu Gulf in the west is North Vietnam. The two most important cities are the provincial capital Haikou and the tourist center Sanya. The island has an o…

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Chongyi, Feng, “Hainan”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 22 February 2024 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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