Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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Heavy Industry
(2,700 words)

Heavy industry is a large yet problematic part of the Chinese economy, and has been a significant political subject as well, since before the revolution in 1949 to the present day. The heavy industrial sector may be defined as the part of the economy which creates producer goods in contrast to consumer goods. As such, it encompasses industries such as iron and steel, machinery (mechanical engineering), and energy (energy industry), which are critic…

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Jackson, Steven, “Heavy Industry”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 30 September 2023 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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