Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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History of Science
(1,171 words)

Apart from the assessment of results by purely scientific criteria, any adequate treatment of the history of science in traditional societies has to employ a historical point of view and a perspective specific to that civilization. In this sense, science may be defined as all those intellectual efforts of the past by means of which people to come to the integrated grasp of natural phenomena in an abstract and systematic manner. Besides, one has to assume that the aims and means of pre-modern sci…

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Vittinghoff, Natascha and Vogel, Hans Ulrich, “History of Science”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 30 November 2022 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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