Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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(1,306 words)



122 counties, 29 cities

63.42 million inhabitants

211,700 km2

300 inhabitants per km2

The name of the province ("south of the lake") refers to its location south of Dongting Lake, a natural equalizing reservoir of the Yangzi River with an extension of 2700 km2. The lake is part of Hunan's northern border. The province's surface area is divided into Dongting Lake to the north, the central hill country, as well as mountains of about 1000 m to the west, the south, and the east. Along the borders to Guangxi and Guangdong in the …

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Wang, Nora, “Hunan”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 30 September 2023 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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