Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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Hundred Flowers Movement
(1,386 words)

The Hundred Flowers Movement of 1956-57 represented the first major miscalculation by Mao Zedong in the post-1949 era, one that contributed mightily to the chain of events resulting in the disastrous Great Leap Forward. Beginning as part of a broad appeal to intellectuals in early 1956, ambivalent implementation only produced a limited response from skilled elites and party cadres alike. After a period of wavering, Mao decided to reinvigorate the policy in early 1957 and linked it to rectification of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) itself. By late spring, the criticisms soli…

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Teiwes, Frederick C., “Hundred Flowers Movement”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 02 December 2023 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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