Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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(1,433 words)

With regard to the development, structure, and distribution of income in the PRC, it is important to differentiate between the pre-reform era (1949-78) and the period afterwards. Before 1978, incomes were low but at the same time income distribution was very even. In 1980, China's GDP per capita was only $270; China's Human Development Index, which, in addition to purchasing power, also takes into account human factors, such as life expectancy, health, access to clean water, and similar factors,…

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Renwei, Zhao, “Income”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 05 March 2024 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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