Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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Industrial Policy
(1,138 words)

The strategies and goals of Chinese industrial policy have changed dramatically over the last hundred years. Since the beginning of the reforms in 1978, and especially since the beginning of the 1990s, the set of economic and political tools used have increasingly been aligned with those of other industrial nations.

The first attempts to coordinate policy in mining, smelting, and the textile industry already began to appear along China's east coast and in Manchuria in the early 19th century. Because of internal and external crises, the Qing dynasty was not in a posit…

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Schüller, Margot, “Industrial Policy”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 05 December 2022 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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