Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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Landscape Conservation
(1,232 words)

Not unlike its rich history of urban culture, China has a long tradition of the contemplative appreciation of nature. This is aptly proven by gardens (literati gardens or private gardens, imperial gardens), landscape paintings, and poetry with naturalistic themes. Geomancy ( fengshui ) provided the form to reflect on the qualities of local nature when construction projects were concerned. Otherwise, criticism of civilization and of large cities did not play a similarly important role in modern China's history as it did in Western indus…

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Küchler, Johannes, “Landscape Conservation”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 01 December 2023 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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