Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

Get access

Literary Studies
(1,191 words)

Since the early Han era, the examination system, with the Imperial Academy at the pinnacle, provided the institutional framework of a kind of official literary studies. From the 14th century, literary studies were dominated by the Neo-Confucian school's (lixue) philosophical interpretation of the classics. During the Qing dynasty the kaozheng school of textual criticism developed into an academic community, which in terms of personnel and institutional arrangements was independent of the orthodox school. Its norms and methods provided a basis …

Cite this page
Sturm, Thomas, “Literary Studies”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 05 March 2024 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

▲   Back to top   ▲