Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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Local Government
(1,992 words)

1. Late-Traditional China

During the Yuan dynasty, China had fifteen provinces . In 1664 the provinces of Hubei and Hunan , Jiangsu and Anhui , Shaanxi and Gansu were created from larger units, Xinjiang became a province in 1882, and Taiwan was separated from Fujian in 1885. In 1907 Manchuria was transformed into the three northeastern provinces. Beijing and the secondary capital of Shengjing (Shenyang ), as well as Manchuria until 1907, were special administrat…

Cite this page
von Mende, Erling and Holbig, Heike, “Local Government”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 08 February 2023 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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